AskDefine | Define maintain

Dictionary Definition

maintain

Verb

1 keep in a certain state, position, or activity; e.g., "keep clean"; "hold in place"; "She always held herself as a lady"; "The students keep me on my toes" [syn: keep, hold]
2 keep in safety and protect from harm, decay, loss, or destruction; "We preserve these archeological findings"; "The old lady could not keep up the building"; "children must be taught to conserve our national heritage"; "The museum curator conserved the ancient manuscripts" [syn: conserve, preserve, keep up]
3 supply with necessities and support; "She alone sustained her family"; "The money will sustain our good cause"; "There's little to earn and many to keep" [syn: sustain, keep]
4 state categorically [syn: assert, asseverate]
5 of power or authority [syn: wield, exert]
6 maintain for use and service; "I keep a car in the countryside"; "She keeps an apartment in Paris for her shopping trips" [syn: keep]
7 maintain by writing regular records; "keep a diary"; "maintain a record"; "keep notes" [syn: keep]
8 state or assert; "He maintained his innocence" [syn: defend]
9 support against an opponent; "The appellate court upheld the verdict" [syn: uphold]
10 observe correctly or closely; "The pianist kept time with the metronome"; "keep count"; "I cannot keep track of all my employees" [syn: observe, keep]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From maintenen maintenir |manus tenere.

Pronunciation

Verb

  1. To keep up; to preserve.
  2. To declare or affirm a point of view to be true

Translations

to keep up

Extensive Definition

Maintenance, Repair and Operations or Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul (MRO) is fixing any sort of mechanical or electrical device should it become out of order or broken (repair) as well as performing the routine actions which keep the device in working order (maintenance) or prevent trouble from arising (preventive maintenance).
All actions which have the objective of retaining or restoring an item in or to a state in which it can perform its required function. The actions include the combination of all technical and corresponding administrative, managerial, and supervision actions.
In telecommunication, the term maintenance has the following meanings:
1. Any activity, such as tests, measurements, replacements, adjustments and repairs, intended to retain or restore a functional unit in or to a specified state in which the unit can perform its required functions.
2. [For material], All action taken to retain material in a serviceable condition or to restore it to serviceability. It includes inspection, testing, servicing, classification as to serviceability, repair, rebuilding, and reclamation.
3. [For material], All supply and repair action taken to keep a force in condition to carry out its mission.
4. [For material], The routine recurring work required to keep a facility (plant, building, structure, ground facility, utility system, or other real property) in such condition that it may be continuously used, at its original or designed capacity and efficiency for its intended purpose.
Manufacturers and Industrial Supply Companies often refer to MRO as opposed to Original Equipment Manufacture (OEM). OEM includes any activity related to the direct manufacture of goods, where MRO refers to any maintenance and repair activity to keep a manufacturing plant running.
Industrial Supply Companies can generally be sorted into two types:
  • the ones who cater to the MRO market generally carry a broad range of items such as fasteners, conveyors, cleaning goods, plumbing, and tools to keep a plant running.
  • OEM supply companies generally provide a smaller range of goods in much larger quantities with much lower prices, selling materials that will be regularly consumed in the manufacturing process to create the finished item.

MRO software

In many organizations because of the number of devices or products that need to be maintained or the complexity of systems, there is a need to manage the information with software packages. This is particularly the case in aerospace (e.g. airline fleets), military installations, large plants (e.g. manufacturing, power generation, petrochemical) and ships.
These software tools help engineers and technicians in increasing the availability of systems and reducing costs and repair times as well as reducing material supply time and increasing material availability by improving supply chain communication.
As MRO involves working with an organization’s products, resources, suppliers and customers, MRO packages have to interface with many enterprise business software systems (PLM, ERP, SCM, CRM).
One of the functions of such software is the configuration of bills of materials or BOMs, taking the component parts list from engineering (eBOM) and manufacturing (mBOM) and updating it from “as delivered” through “as maintained” to “as used”.
Another function is project planning logistics, for example identifying the critical path on the list of tasks to be carried out (inspection, diagnosis, locate/order parts and service) to calculate turnaround times (TAT).
Other tasks that software can perform:
  • Planning operations,
  • Managing execution of events,
  • Management of assets (parts, tools and equipment inventories),
  • Knowledge-base data on:
    • Maintenance service history,
    • Serial numbered parts,
    • Reliability data: MTBF (mean time between failures), MTTB (mean time to breakdown), MTBR (mean time between removals),
    • Maintenance and repair documentation and best practices,
    • Warranty/guarantee documents.
Many of these tasks are addressed in Computerized Maintenance Management Systems (CMMS).
maintain in Arabic: صيانة
maintain in German: Instandhaltung
maintain in Spanish: Reparación y mantenimiento
maintain in French: Maintenance
maintain in Italian: Manutenzione
maintain in Russian: Ремонт зданий и сооружений
maintain in Ukrainian: Ремонт

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abide, accommodate, account as, advocate, affirm, afford, afford support, allege, allege in support, announce, annunciate, answer, argue, argue for, assert, assever, asseverate, assume, aver, avouch, avow, back, back up, be afraid, bear, bear out, bear up, bide, blow to, bolster, bolster up, bottle up, brace, brook no denial, buoy up, buttress, care for, carry, carry on, champion, claim, clothe, conceive, conserve, consider, contend, contend for, continue, continue to be, contribute, copyright, cork up, correct, counter, cradle, crutch, cultivate, cushion, daresay, declare, deem, defeat time, defend, defy time, donate, dwell, emphasize, endow, endure, enunciate, espouse, esteem, estimate, exist, expect, express, extend, fancy, fight for, fill, fill up, finance, find, fund, furnish, give, give support, go on, go treat, guard, guess, have, have a hunch, have an idea, have an impression, have an inkling, have the idea, hold, hold as, hold in, hold on, hold out, hold up, husband, imagine, inhibit, insist, insist on, insist upon, invest, issue a manifesto, judge, justify, keep, keep afloat, keep alive, keep going, keep in, keep intact, keep inviolate, keep on, keep safe, keep up, last, last long, last out, lay down, lend support, lengthen, live, live on, live through, lock in, look after, look upon as, mainstay, make a plea, make available, make provision for, manage, manifesto, not destroy, not endanger, not expend, not use up, not waste, nurture, opine, patent, pay the bill, perdure, perennate, perpetuate, persist, persist in, pillow, plead for, predicate, prepare, present, preserve, press, presume, prevail, proclaim, profess, prolong, pronounce, prop, prop up, protect, protest, protract, provide, provide for, put, put it, rebut, reckon, recruit, rectify, refute, regard, register, reinforce, remain, replenish, reply, repress, respond, retain, right, riposte, run, run on, save, save up, say, say in defense, set down, set down as, set up, shore, shore up, shoulder, spare, speak, speak for, speak out, speak up, speak up for, stand, stand by, stand drinks, stand for, stand on, stand to, stand treat, stand up for, state, stay, stay on, stick to, stick up for, stock, store, stress, submit, subsidize, subsist, subvention, subventionize, supply, support, suppose, suppress, surmise, survive, suspect, sustain, take, take care of, take for, take it, take no denial, tarry, testify, think, tide over, treat, treat to, trow, underbrace, undergird, underlie, underpin, underset, upbear, uphold, upkeep, urge, urge reasons for, view as, vindicate, vouchsafe, warrant, wear, wear well, ween, yield
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